Poverty and social security

avishaibe

Prof. Avishai Benish

Head of B.S.W Program
Associate Professor
02-5882110
avishai.benish@mail.huji.ac.il
Room 510

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Dr. Avishai Benish

Email: avishai.benish@mail.huji.ac.il

Academic Profile: 

LL.B., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2000; LL.M., Columbia University, New York, 2008; LL.D., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2009; Lecturer, 2010.

Visiting Professor, University of California, Berkeley, USA, 2014-2015

Currently Visiting at New York University, New York, USA

Chairman, ESPAnet Israel, the Israeli national association of the European Network for Social Policy Analysis (ESPAnet)

 

Research Interests:

Social rights take-up and advocacy

Regulation and welfare state governance

Administrative justice and accountability in privatized welfare services

Social law and socio-legal studies

 

Research Projects:

Special issue in Public Administration

Accountability and Hybridity: Understanding Mixed Accountability Regimes under the New Forms of Welfare Governance.

(Guest editor with Professor Paola Mattei, Oxford University)

We invite papers that advance the debate about accountability in welfare governance, focusing in particular on hybridity, changing modes and consequences of changing accountability regimes. Further details are available here.

 

Between Rights and Care: Integrating Social Rights Advocacy into Social Work Practice (Israel Science Foundation): This research project (with Professor Idit Weiss-Gal) seeks to examine and conceptualize the integration of rights-based advocacy into social workers’ practice by offering  a comprehensive and multifaceted empirical examination of how social workers under the reform engage in take-up practice; of their perceptions of the nature of take-up practice; and of whether and how they incorporate the rights discourse and its logic into their practice.

 

Social Rights Take-up (Israeli National Insurance Institute): This research project (with Professor John Gal, Professor Mimi Ajzenstadt & Dr. Roni Holler) explores the perceptions and practices of “take-up agents” in the public, private and non-profit sectors in the context of realizing the right to social security.

 

Publications:

Refereed articles:

Avishai Benish, Dana Halevy and Shimon Spiro (2018) “Regulating social welfare services: Between compliance and learning,” International Journal of Social Welfare, 27(3), 226-235. [Link]

Avishai Benish, Dana Halevy and Shimon Spiro (2018) “A professional learning-based approach to: A case study of the Youth Protection Authority in Israel,” Society and Welfare, 38(1). (Hebrew)

Avishai Benish and Liron David (2018) “The right of access the administration in the welfare state: The (non-)take-up of social rights and the duty to make social rights accessible,” Law and Government, 19, 395-427 [Link]

Avishai Benish, Hanan Haber and Rotem Eliahou (2017) “The Regulatory Welfare State in Pension Markets: Mitigating High Charges for Low Income Savers in the United Kingdom and Israel,” Journal of Social Policy 46(2) 313-330 [Link] [SSRN]

Nissim Cohen, Avishai Benish, and Aya Shamriz-Ilouz (2016) “When the Clients Can Choose: Dilemmas of Street-Level Workers in Choice-Based Social Services,” Social Service Review 90 (4) 620-646. [Link] [SSRN]

Avishai Benish and Asa Maron (2016) “Infusing Public Law into Privatized Welfare: Lawyers, Economists and the Competing Logics of Administrative Reform,” Law and Society Review 50(4) 953-984. [Link] [SSRN]

Avishai Benish and Michal Kremer (2015) “Filling the Void: A Model for the Constitutional Right to Dignified Existence based on the German Constitutional Law,” Work, Society and Law 14 263-279. (Hebrew) [SSRN]

Avishai Benish (2014) “Outsourcing, Discretion, and Administrative Justice: Exploring the Acceptability of Privatized Decision Making," Law and Policy 36(2): 113-133. [Link] [SSRN] [JP]

Avishai Benish (2014) “The Public Accountability of Privatized Activation: The Case of Israel,” Social Policy and Administration 42(2): 262-277. [Link] [SSRN] [JP]

Avishai Benish and David Levi-Faur (2012) “New Forms of Administrative Law in Third Party Government,” Public Administration 90: 886-900. [Link] [SSRN] [JP]

Avishai Benish (2012) “New Public Management Reforms in Social Services: Lessons from 'Welfare-to-Work' Programs in a Comparative Perspective,” Social Security 90: 259- 290.  (Hebrew) [Link]

Avishai Benish (2012) “Social Services in the 21st Century: Trends and Challenges,” Social Security 90: 5-13.  (Hebrew) [Link]

Avishai Benish (2010) “Re-Bureaucratizing Welfare Administration,” Social Service Review 84: 77-101. [Link] [SSRN]

Avishai Benish and Roie Tsarfatie (2008) "When Labor Becomes a Commodity Again: A Critical Examination of Abnormally Low Bids in the Procurement of Employment Services" Tel Aviv University Journal of Law and Social Change 1: 93. (Hebrew)  [Link]

Avishai Benish (2008) “Contracting Out from The perspective of Public Law: Privatized 'Welfare to Work' Programs and the Limits of Oversight" Hebrew University Law Review (Mishpatim) 38: 283. (Hebrew) [SSRN]

Avishai Benish (2005) “Implementation of the 'Wisconsin Program' in Israel – Legal Aspects” Work, Society and Law 11: 121. (Hebrew)

 

Chapters and articles in books:

Avishai Benish (2018). The Privatization of Social Services in Israel. In: The Privatization of Israel (Paz-Fuchs, A., Mandelkern R. and Galnoor I., Eds.) (pp. 173-200). Palgrave Macmillan, New York. [Link] [SSRN]

Avishai Benish (2009) "Access to Justice in Welfare Services: The Case of the Administrative Tribunals in the 'Wisconsin Program," in John Gal and Mimi Ajzenstadt (Eds.) Access to social justice in Israel. Jerusalem: Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel. (Hebrew) [Link]

Tzvi Inbar, Shlomo Guverman and Avishai Benish (2003) “Constitution-Making and Amending,” in: Procedures for Ratifying and Amending a Constitution and Methods of Designing an Additional Knesset Chamber. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute. (Hebrew)

 

Books:

John Gal and Avishai Benish, editors (2018) For the Welfare State: Selected Essays by Abraham Doron Tel Aviv: Resling. (Hebrew) [Link]

Mordechai Kremnitzer, David Kretzmer and Avishai Benish (2002) The Basic Laws as a Constitutional Foundation. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute. (Hebrew) [Link]

 

Academic editing:

Guest editor (with Paola Mattei), Public Administration, “Accountability and Hybridity: Understanding Mixed Accountability Regimes under the New Forms of Welfare Governance” [Call for Papers]

Editor (with David Levi-Faur and Oren Perez), Policy, Regulation & Governance eJournal [Link]

Editor, Social Welfare Law Section, Social Security Journal (Hebrew) [Link]

 

 

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Jhon Gal

Prof. John Gal

Full Professor
02-5882159
john.gal@mail.huji.ac.il
Room 519

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Research Interests:

Social policy and social protection in Israel; Comparative analysis of welfare states; Social work and policy practice.

 

Research Projects:

Mediterranean Welfare States

Social and Economic Rights in Israel (FP7)

Social Work and Policy Practice (with Prof. Idit Weiss-Gal)

Religion and Social Policy

Policy Transfers in Israeli Social Welfare

 

Abstracts of Current Research :

Mediterranean Welfare States: This study seeks to identify commonalities and differences between welfare states in the Mediterranean region.  The goal of the study is to ascertain whether the "olive oil welfare states" have specific features that distinguish between them and other welfare states and if these features can contribute to our understanding of social policy formulation and impacts in these nations.

Social and Economic Rights in Israel (FP7):  As part of a greater study on issues of citizenship  in the European Union, this study will seek to examine the social and economic rights of labor migrants in Israel and to examine issues of gender and ethnicity in Israeli society.

Social Work and Policy Practice:  While involvement in social change is a professed goal of social work, relatively little is known on the ways in which social workers actually engage in policy-practice intended to change social policy on different levels.  The goal of this cross-national  project is to investigate the various forms of engagement of social workers in policy practice and to formulate an explanatory  model for this type of practice.

Religion and Social Policy:  Is Israel a Jewish welfare state?  This project will seek to examine the impact of religion and religious belief on the Israeli welfare state in an historical perspective.  It will seek to establish the degree to which religion and nationalism have played a role in the formulation of the Israeli welfare state.

Policy Transfers in Israeli Social Welfare:  The goal of this study is to examine the impact of policy transfers in various fields of social welfare, social policy and social work in Israel.  The study will include an analysis of the role of German social workers on the establishment of social work in Israel and a number of other cases in which policy transfers apparently occurred.

 

 

Recent Publications:
 

 Books:

Aviram, U., Gal, J. and Katan, Y. (eds.), (2007).  Formulating social policy in Israel: Trends and issues.   Jerusalem: Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel. (Hebrew). 359 pgs.

Gal, J. and Ajzenstadt, M. (eds.) (2009). Access to social justice in Israel.  Jerusalem: Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel. (Hebrew)

Ajzenstadt, M. and Gal, J. [eds.] [2010]. Children, families and gender in Mediterranean welfare states.  Dordrecht: Springer.

Weiss-Gal, I. & Gal, J. (2011).  Policy-practice in social work.  Jerusalem: Magnes. (Hebrew)

Gal, J. and Weiss-Gal, I. (eds.). (2013). Social workers affecting social policy: Policy practice in an international perspective. Bristol: Policy Press.

Articles in Peer Reviewed Journals:

Ben-Arieh, A., Gal J., Nepomnyaschy, L., & Garfinkel, I. (2007). Child and family outcomes in New York and Tel Aviv: Using social indicators in a city level comparative analysis. Social Indicators Research, 80: 223-248.

Gal, J. (2007). The puzzling warfare-welfare nexus. War and Society, 26:99-117.

Weiss, I, & Gal, J. (2007). Social workers' attitudes towards social welfare policy. International Journal of Social Welfare, 16:349-357.

Weiss, I, & Gal, J. (2007).  Poverty in the eyes of the beholder: Social workers compared to other middle class professionals. British Journal of Social Work, 37:893-908.

Koreh, M., Gal, J. & Cohen, R. (2007). A cross-national comparative perspective on social assistance in Israel.  Social Security, 74: 43-69. (Hebrew)

Ajzenstadt, M., Gal, J. & Shapira, A. (2007) Towards evidence-based policy: A systematic review of programs dealing with unemployment. Israeli Sociology, 9(1): 41-70. (Hebrew).

Weiss, I, & Gal, J. (2008).  Social welfare policy: Preferences of Arab and Jewish social workers in Israel. Families in Society, 89: 129-138.

Weiss-Gal, I., & Gal, J. (2008). Social workers and policy practice:  The role of social and professional values. Journal of Social Service Research, 34:4, 15-29.

Avrami, S., Gal, J., & Weiss-Gal, I. (2008).  Knesset committees as a venue for social worker' policy practice activity.  Welfare and Society, 25:1, 103-122.  (Hebrew).

Gal, J. (2008).  Immigration and the categorical welfare state in Israel.  Social Service Review, 82:4, 639-661.

Weiss-Gal, I and Gal, J.  (2009). Realizing rights in social work. Social Service Review, 83:2,267-292.

Gal, J. & Bargal, D. (2009). Labor welfare in Israel. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 24, 185-204 (Also published in P.A. Kurzman & R. Paul Maiden (eds), Union Contributions to Labor Welfare Policy and Practice. London: Routledge).

Malul, M., Gal, J. & Greenstein, M. (2009).  A Universal Basic Income: Income and practice in the Israeli case.  Basic Income Studies, 4:1 article 4.

Katan, Y., Gal, J. & Weiss-Gal, I. (2009). The role of the local in dealing with poverty. Welfare and Society, 29:2-3, 283-310.(Hebrew)

Weiss-Gal, I., Gal, J.   &  Avrami, S. (2009).Policy-practice in action:  Social workers and parliamentary committees. Social Security, 81. (Hebrew)

Gal, J.  & Weiss-Gal, I.  (2011).  Social policy formulation and the role of professionals: The involvement of social workers in parliamentary committees in Israel. Health and Social Care in the Community, 19:2, 158-167. (Also published as Weiss-Gal, I.,  Gal, J. & Avrami, S. (2009).Policy-practice in action:  Social workers and parliamentary committees. Social Security, 81, 39-74. (Hebrew)

Gal, J. (2010).  Is there an extended family of Mediterranean welfare states? Journal of European Social Policy, 20:4, 283-300.

Bar-Nir, D. & Gal, J. (2011). Who has the power? The role of NPOs in local authorities.  Voluntas, 22:1.

Holler, R. & Gal, J. (2011).  Subsidizing early childhood: Israel in a cross-national comparative perspective.  Social Security, 87, 37-64. (Hebrew)

Gal, J. & Ajzenstadt, M. (2013).  The long path from a soup kitchen to a welfare state in Israel.  Journal of Policy History, 25, 240-263.

Gal, J. & Holler, R. (In Press). The development of social policy research in Israel.  Israel Affairs.

Weiss-Gal, I. & Gal, J. (In Press).  Social workers as policy actors.  Journal of Social Policy.

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RONI

Dr. Roni Holler

Head, Center for Disability Studies
Senior Lecturer
02-5881458
roni.holler@mail.huji.ac.il
Room 522

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Research interests:

Disability policy; Disability studies; Social policy in Israel and in comparative perspective; History of the welfare state

 

Current research projects:

Guardianship and Supported Decision Making for Persons with Disabilities: A Mixed Method Analysis of Social Workers' Decision-Making Process (CO-PI with Dr. Shirli Werner, ISF Grant number 268/18).

In recent years, several welfare states, including Israel, have amended their guardianship laws. The proper implementations of these laws, including the decision whether to appoint a guardian or the less restrictive alternative of supported decision maker, is greatly influenced by social workers. In our research project we seek to contribute to a better understanding of social workers’ decisions about guardianship and supported decision making. Attention will be paid to understanding the contribution of individual level, social workers’ level, and societal-legal level factors to this process.

Active Take Up in Social Security (CO-PI With Prof. Mimi Ajzenstadt, Dr. Avishai Benish & Prof. John, National Insurance Institute Grant)

One of the limitations of social security programmes is the problem of non-take-up, by which people who are entitled to receive benefits do not receive them. Despite a growing political and academic interests in understanding and tackling this issue, hitherto little is known about the barriers for participation in social benefits and the effective policy tools to overcome these barriers. The aim of this project is to address this theoretical and empirical gap, by mapping a)  the barriers facing social security beneficiaries in taking up their rights b)  the interventions put forward by various actors in order to help citizens to take up their rights. Moreover, assuming non-take-up to be a multi-dimensional in nature, our analysis focuses on various levels of barriers and interventions, including social, legal, bureaucratic and organizational.

Understanding Role Perception of Family, Professional and Volunteer Supporters in Supported Decision Making Scheme  (CO-PI With  Dr. Itay Greenspan and Prof. Shirli Werner, Warburg Fund)

In the Israeli context, the criticism towards guardianship led to the 2016 amendment of the Legal Capacity and Guardianship Law and to the development of a less restrictive alternative known as supported decision making. Since supported decision making is a relatively new policy tool, we know little about its actual implementation, including the way supporters perceive their role. In order to fill this gap, our goal in this study is to examine the role perceptions of Israeli supporters under the new reform, as well as their motivation for becoming supporters.

 

Publications:

Articles in Refereed Journals

Holler, R., & Gal, J. (2011). Subsidies for early childhood education and care: The

Israeli model in a cross-national comparative perspective. Social Security, 87,

37-63 (Hebrew) [Link].

Holler, R. (2014). Disability and employment policy in the Israeli welfare state:

Between exclusion and inclusion. Disability & Society29, 1369-1382 [Link]

[SSRN].

Holler, R. (2014). People with disabilities and the Israeli welfare state: The case of

relief work. Social Security, 95, 39-76 (Hebrew) [Link].

Gal, J. & Holler, R. (2014). The development of social policy research in Israel, Israel

Affairs, 20, 452-469 [Link] [SSRN].

Holler, R. (2017). Disabling ideas – disabling policies: The case of disability

employment policy in the newly established Israeli state. Social Policy &

Administration, 51, 424-441[Link] [SSRN].

Holler, R. & Werner, S. (2018). Perceptions toward Disability among Social Work

Students in Israel: Development and Validation of a New Scale. Health &

Social Care in the Community, 26(3), 423-432 [Link].

Holler, R. (2018). “Rebuilding a shattered life and a broken body”: Social work and

disability discourses in Israel’s first decades. British Journal of Social

Work [Link] [SSRN].

Holler, R (2018). Disability studies: Challenges and Issues. Theory and Criticism, 50,

475-492. (Hebrew).]Link]

Holler, R. (2019). “Rebuilding a shattered life and a broken body”: Social work and

disability discourses in Israel’s first decades. British Journal of Social Work,

49, 448-465. [Link] [SSRN].

Holler, R. (2019). The role of the welfare state in supporting economic transitions

following family bereavement: Comparing Britain and Israel. Social Policy &

Administration, 53, 128-141. [Link]

Werner, S. & Holler, R. (2020). Attitudes toward guardianship and their association with the importance of social work goals and perspectives of disability within

the social work profession. Disability and Rehabilitation, 42, 712-721. [Link]

Holler, R. (2020). Material, Stigmatic and Agentic Dimensions in the Experience of Claiming Disability Benefits: The Israeli Case. Social Policy & Administration. [Link]

Holler, R. Shemla, I.& Maeir, A. (Accepted for publication). The disability orientation of occupational therapists in physical rehabilitation settings: tension between medical and social models in theory and practice. American Journal of Occupational Therapy

 

Edited Books

Gal, J. & Holler, R. (Eds.) (2019). ““Justice Instead of Charity”: Chapters in the Development of Social Work in Israel. Beer-Sheva: The Ben-Gurion Research Institute for the Study of Israel & Zionism, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Hebrew) [Link].

 

 Book Chapters

Holler, R. & Gal, J.(2019). History of social work in Israel: An introduction. In J. Gal & R. Holler (Eds.). “Justice Instead of Charity”: Chapters in the Development of Social Work in Israel. Beer-Sheva: The Ben-Gurion Research Institute for the Study of Israel & Zionism, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Hebrew).

Holler, R. )2019). Between the personal and the social: Social work and people with disabilities in Israel’s first decades. In J. Gal & R. Holler (Eds.). “Justice Instead of Charity”: Chapters in the Development of Social Work in Israel. Beer-Sheva: The Ben-Gurion Research Institute for the Study of Israel & Zionism, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Hebrew).

Holler, R. & Werner, S.,Tolub, Y. & Pumeranz, M. (2020). Choice and people with intellectual disability: The Israeli case. In R. J. Stancliffe, M. L. Wehmeyer, K. A. Shogren & B. H. Abery (Eds.). Choice, Preference and  Disability: Promoting Self-Determination Across the Lifespan  (pp. 87-110). Switzerland: Springer.

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