Civil society


Prof. Mimi Ajzenstadt

Full Professor

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Research Interests:

Criminology and foreign workers, Gender and social policy, Access to justice,   Gender, civil society and the welfare state, Qualitative research methods. 


Research Projects:

Incarcerated Motherhood

The socio-legal construction of foreign workers' involvement in crime.

Ngoization of Civil Spaces: Civil Society, Transformation of Welfare and Women's Organizations


Abstracts of Current Research :

 Incarcerated Motherhood: 

The project examines the way motherhood is perceived and experienced by incarcerated females and prison personnel. Based on interviews with mothers incarcerated in the Israeli female prison, the study attempts to understand both the social-structural factors influencing motherhood in prison and the methods in which female prisoners create their own identity as mothers.


The socio-legal construction of foreign workers' involvement in crime.

This study follows law enforcement agencies attitudes and practices towards documented, un-documented and asylum seekers in Israel. It analyzes various variables related to arrest data. Utilizing the narrative method, it analyzes court cases of foreign workers that appeared before the court in criminal offences and examines the public and official discourse relating to this group. The construction of the socio-legal reaction to foreign workers' involvement in crime is situated in the wider political economic regime of neo-liberalism and its logic.


Ngoization of Civil Spaces: Civil Society, Transformation of Welfare and Women's Organizations

This historical study traces the origin and emergence of women's organizations that provide welfare services and their evolvement over time. It focuses on the transformation in the social and political roles played by these NGOs in the creation of civil society. The project is grounded within wider processes such as: the transformation of social movements and community based organizations into formalized  NGOs and  the concomitant NGOization of civil society; erosion of the welfare state within the framework of neo-liberal regimes and ideologies.



Recent Publications:


Ajzenstadt, Mimi, Soffer, Michal and Steinberg Odeda (2010) In the Prison I Rest: Women Behind the Prison Walls. Tel-Aviv: Hakibutz Hameuhad, Kav Adom Series(Hebrew).

Edited Books

Ajzenstadt, Mimi and John Gal (eds.) (2010). Children, Families and Women in the welfare Mediterranean Countries. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Ajzenstadt, Mimi and John Gal (eds.) (2009). Access to Social Justice in Israel. Jerusalem: The Taub Centre for the Study of Social Policy in Israel (Hebrew).

Ajzenstadt, Mimi and Guy Mundlak (eds.) (2008) Empowerment on Trial.  Tel-Aviv: Tel-Aviv University, Nevo (Hebrew).


Book Chapters

 Ajzenstadt, Mimi (2010) "Children, Families and Women in the Israeli State: 1888-2008." In: Mimi Ajzenstadt and John Gal (eds.).Children, Families and Women in the welfare Mediterranean Countries. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Pp. 143-163.

Ajzenstadt, Mimi (2010). "The Jewish Women's Equal Rights Association of Palestine and its Struggle to Establish the Role of 'Mother of the Family' in Pre-State Israel, 1919-1948." In:  Eyal Katvan, Margalit Shilo and Ruth Halperin-Kadari (eds.). One Law for Man and Woman: Women, Rights and Law in Mandatory Palestine. Ramt-Gan: Bar-Ilan University Press (Hebrew). Pp.57-85.   

Ajzenstadt, Mimi (2010) "Women in the Workforce in the Context of Neo-Liberalism: The Case of Israel." In: Shelley A.M. Gavigan and Dorothy E. Chunn. (Eds.) The Legal Tender of Gender: Law, Welfare and the Regulation of Women's Poverty. Oxford: Hart. Pp. 123-141.


Articles in Refereed Journals

Ajzenstadt, Mimi (2009) "Moral Panic and Neo-Liberalism: The Case of Single Mothers on Welfare in Israel.British Journal of Criminology. 49(1): 68-87.

Ajzenstadt, Mimi (2009) "Judicialization, Neo-Liberalism and Foreign Workers in Israel." International Review of Constitutionalism. 9(1): 107-133.

Ajzenstadt, Mimi and David Bar-Gal (2010) "The Birth of the Paul Baerwald School of Social Work at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1953-1958)".Society and Welfare. 30(1): 9-27. (Hebrew).

Soffer, Michal and Mimi Ajzenstadt  (2010) "On Stigma and Otherness: Mirror Representations of HIV/AIDS and Heart Disease in the Israeli Press." Qualitative Health Research. 20 (8): 1033-1049.

Bar–Almog, Michal and Mimi Ajzenstadt (2010) "Women, Welfare and Civil Society Organizations: Creating an Alternative Women’s Welfare Sphere in Israel". Social Policy and Administration. 44(6):  673–688. 

Soffer, Michal and Mimi Ajzenstadt (2010) "The Multidimensionality of 'Pains of Imprisonment' among Incarcerated Women in Israel" Women and Health. 50(6):491-505.

Fried, Bell and Mimi Ajzenstadt (2011) "Pathological Women Gamblers: Gender-Related Aspects of Control." Sex Roles. 66:128-142.

Gal, John and Mimi Ajzenstadt (2013) "The Long Path from a Soup Kitchen to a Welfare State in Israel." Journal of Policy History.  25(2): 240-263.

Ajzenstadt, Mimi and Assaf Shapira (2012) "The Socio-Legal Construction of Otherness under a Neo-Liberal Regime: The Case of Foreign Workers in the Israeli Criminal Courts." British Journal of Criminology. 54(4): 685-704.

Statland-Vaintraub, Olga, Mona Khoury-Kassabri, Mimi Ajzenstadt and Shabi Amedi (2012) "Risk Factors for Involvement in Delinquency among Immigrants and Native-Born Israeli Girls." Children and Youth Services Review. 34:10: 2052–2060.

Ajzenstadt, Mimi and Mona Khoury-Kassabri (2013) "The Cultural Context of Juvenile Justice Policy in Israel." Journal of Social Policy. 14(1): 111-128.

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Prof. Avishai Benish

Head of B.S.W Program
Associate Professor
Room 510

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Dr. Avishai Benish


Academic Profile: 

LL.B., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2000; LL.M., Columbia University, New York, 2008; LL.D., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2009; Lecturer, 2010.

Visiting Professor, University of California, Berkeley, USA, 2014-2015

Currently Visiting at New York University, New York, USA

Chairman, ESPAnet Israel, the Israeli national association of the European Network for Social Policy Analysis (ESPAnet)


Research Interests:

Social rights take-up and advocacy

Regulation and welfare state governance

Administrative justice and accountability in privatized welfare services

Social law and socio-legal studies


Research Projects:

Special issue in Public Administration

Accountability and Hybridity: Understanding Mixed Accountability Regimes under the New Forms of Welfare Governance.

(Guest editor with Professor Paola Mattei, Oxford University)

We invite papers that advance the debate about accountability in welfare governance, focusing in particular on hybridity, changing modes and consequences of changing accountability regimes. Further details are available here.


Between Rights and Care: Integrating Social Rights Advocacy into Social Work Practice (Israel Science Foundation): This research project (with Professor Idit Weiss-Gal) seeks to examine and conceptualize the integration of rights-based advocacy into social workers’ practice by offering  a comprehensive and multifaceted empirical examination of how social workers under the reform engage in take-up practice; of their perceptions of the nature of take-up practice; and of whether and how they incorporate the rights discourse and its logic into their practice.


Social Rights Take-up (Israeli National Insurance Institute): This research project (with Professor John Gal, Professor Mimi Ajzenstadt & Dr. Roni Holler) explores the perceptions and practices of “take-up agents” in the public, private and non-profit sectors in the context of realizing the right to social security.



Refereed articles:

Avishai Benish, Dana Halevy and Shimon Spiro (2018) “Regulating social welfare services: Between compliance and learning,” International Journal of Social Welfare, 27(3), 226-235. [Link]

Avishai Benish, Dana Halevy and Shimon Spiro (2018) “A professional learning-based approach to: A case study of the Youth Protection Authority in Israel,” Society and Welfare, 38(1). (Hebrew)

Avishai Benish and Liron David (2018) “The right of access the administration in the welfare state: The (non-)take-up of social rights and the duty to make social rights accessible,” Law and Government, 19, 395-427 [Link]

Avishai Benish, Hanan Haber and Rotem Eliahou (2017) “The Regulatory Welfare State in Pension Markets: Mitigating High Charges for Low Income Savers in the United Kingdom and Israel,” Journal of Social Policy 46(2) 313-330 [Link] [SSRN]

Nissim Cohen, Avishai Benish, and Aya Shamriz-Ilouz (2016) “When the Clients Can Choose: Dilemmas of Street-Level Workers in Choice-Based Social Services,” Social Service Review 90 (4) 620-646. [Link] [SSRN]

Avishai Benish and Asa Maron (2016) “Infusing Public Law into Privatized Welfare: Lawyers, Economists and the Competing Logics of Administrative Reform,” Law and Society Review 50(4) 953-984. [Link] [SSRN]

Avishai Benish and Michal Kremer (2015) “Filling the Void: A Model for the Constitutional Right to Dignified Existence based on the German Constitutional Law,” Work, Society and Law 14 263-279. (Hebrew) [SSRN]

Avishai Benish (2014) “Outsourcing, Discretion, and Administrative Justice: Exploring the Acceptability of Privatized Decision Making," Law and Policy 36(2): 113-133. [Link] [SSRN] [JP]

Avishai Benish (2014) “The Public Accountability of Privatized Activation: The Case of Israel,” Social Policy and Administration 42(2): 262-277. [Link] [SSRN] [JP]

Avishai Benish and David Levi-Faur (2012) “New Forms of Administrative Law in Third Party Government,” Public Administration 90: 886-900. [Link] [SSRN] [JP]

Avishai Benish (2012) “New Public Management Reforms in Social Services: Lessons from 'Welfare-to-Work' Programs in a Comparative Perspective,” Social Security 90: 259- 290.  (Hebrew) [Link]

Avishai Benish (2012) “Social Services in the 21st Century: Trends and Challenges,” Social Security 90: 5-13.  (Hebrew) [Link]

Avishai Benish (2010) “Re-Bureaucratizing Welfare Administration,” Social Service Review 84: 77-101. [Link] [SSRN]

Avishai Benish and Roie Tsarfatie (2008) "When Labor Becomes a Commodity Again: A Critical Examination of Abnormally Low Bids in the Procurement of Employment Services" Tel Aviv University Journal of Law and Social Change 1: 93. (Hebrew)  [Link]

Avishai Benish (2008) “Contracting Out from The perspective of Public Law: Privatized 'Welfare to Work' Programs and the Limits of Oversight" Hebrew University Law Review (Mishpatim) 38: 283. (Hebrew) [SSRN]

Avishai Benish (2005) “Implementation of the 'Wisconsin Program' in Israel – Legal Aspects” Work, Society and Law 11: 121. (Hebrew)


Chapters and articles in books:

Avishai Benish (2018). The Privatization of Social Services in Israel. In: The Privatization of Israel (Paz-Fuchs, A., Mandelkern R. and Galnoor I., Eds.) (pp. 173-200). Palgrave Macmillan, New York. [Link] [SSRN]

Avishai Benish (2009) "Access to Justice in Welfare Services: The Case of the Administrative Tribunals in the 'Wisconsin Program," in John Gal and Mimi Ajzenstadt (Eds.) Access to social justice in Israel. Jerusalem: Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel. (Hebrew) [Link]

Tzvi Inbar, Shlomo Guverman and Avishai Benish (2003) “Constitution-Making and Amending,” in: Procedures for Ratifying and Amending a Constitution and Methods of Designing an Additional Knesset Chamber. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute. (Hebrew)



John Gal and Avishai Benish, editors (2018) For the Welfare State: Selected Essays by Abraham Doron Tel Aviv: Resling. (Hebrew) [Link]

Mordechai Kremnitzer, David Kretzmer and Avishai Benish (2002) The Basic Laws as a Constitutional Foundation. Jerusalem: Israel Democracy Institute. (Hebrew) [Link]


Academic editing:

Guest editor (with Paola Mattei), Public Administration, “Accountability and Hybridity: Understanding Mixed Accountability Regimes under the New Forms of Welfare Governance” [Call for Papers]

Editor (with David Levi-Faur and Oren Perez), Policy, Regulation & Governance eJournal [Link]

Editor, Social Welfare Law Section, Social Security Journal (Hebrew) [Link]



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rana eseed

Dr. Rana Eseed

Room 527

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Rana Eseed



Higher Education

2018-2019 Postdoctoral Studies (Department of Welfare and Social Policy, University of Bath, England).

2012-2018 Ph.D., (Social work and social welfare, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel(

2008-2011 M.A., (Social work and social welfare, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel(

2004-2007 B.A., (Social work and social welfare, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel(


Awards and Excellence Scholarships (Within the Past Five Years)

2019-2012 MA`OF Fellowship, est. by the Kahanoff Foundation for outstanding Arab researchers.

2018 Council of Higher Education Fellowship Program for Outstanding Postdoctoral Researchers from the Arab Society.

2018 British Friends of the Hebrew University, fellowship for postdoctoral researchers.

2017-2018 Center for the Study of Multiculturalism and Diversity, scholarship for PhD candidates, Hebrew University.

2014- 2017 Hoffman PhD Leadership and Responsibility Fellowship Program, scholarship for Ph.D. candidates, Hebrew University.


Appointments at the Hebrew University

2019 Lecturer, Social work and social welfare, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel


Additional Functions

2012  Present Executive member, ESPAnet Israel, the Forum for Social Policy Research in Israel.


Research Grants

2019 The Ralph Goldman Center for Judaism, Social Welfare and Ethics, The role of religion among Palestinian social workers in Israel, 30,000 NIS.


List of Publication


Books & Edited Books

Eseed, R. (PI) & Jawad, R. (PI) (In press). Social Policy and the Islamic World in Comparative Perspective: Taking Stock, Moving Forward


Journal Articles

Eseed, R. (2017). When the state fails to provide services: The case of the Islamic Movement in Israel. Journal of Social Policy, 47, 565-582. doi:10.1017/S0047279417000757.

Eseed, R.,(PI) & Khoury-Kassabri, M(PI). (2017). Alcohol use among Arab Muslim adolescents: A mediation-moderation model of family, peer and community factors. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 88, 88-98. doi: 10.1037/ort0000263.

Eseed, R. (2016). Parent’s choices of child daycare in the Palestinian society in Israel. Bitachon Soziali, 99, 35-61. (Hebrew).

Massarwi, A. A. (PI), Eseed, R.,(CI) & Khoury-Kassabri, M.(CI( (

Eseed, R. (PI) (2019). Social service provision by minority religious organizations: A case study of the Islamic Movement in Kafr Qassim. Journal of Social Policy, 49, 507-524. doi:10.1017/S004727941900062X

Eseed, R. (2019). The Islamic movement in Israel: Development and key features. Journal of Welfare and Society,4 ,609-633. (Hebrew(.

Khoury-Kassabri, M., Zadok, I., Eseed, R. & Vazsonyi, A. (2020). Individual and familial factors as mediators and moderators of young children’s aggressive behavior. Children and Youth Service Review.

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Dr. Itay Greenspan

Dr. Itay Greenspan

Senior Lecturer
Room 533

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A nonprofit scholar with background in the fields of geography and environmental studies. My research focuses on three bodies of knowledge: 1) the social bases of organized environmentalism, 2) identity work in nonprofit and philanthropic studies, and 3) the role of volunteering and voluntary associations in the welfare state, with special focus on immigrants.


1) Individual and institutional bases of organized environmentalism. In this track, I seek to expand theoretical and empirical understanding of the individual- and institutional-bases of actors in environmental organizations, and the environmental behaviors of individuals in society. I developed and used the concepts of environmental philanthropy and environmental volunteering to depict active support to environmental causes.

Recent projects:

Intergenerational transmission of environmental behavior. This study examines how environmental behaviors and attitudes are transmitted across generations within the family. Our goal is to measure the relationship between cultural and economic influences in three countries (Israel, USA, South Korea) and the intergenerational transmission of environmental behavior within the family.

The role of youth movements in the development of environmental activism. This study is more historic interpretive in nature, and examines how the American Zionist youth movement Young Judaea has influenced values, beliefs, funding networks and attitudes of its alumni who migrated to Israel to take leadership roles in the development of the Israeli environmental movement.


2) Identity work in nonprofit and philanthropic organizations. The alignment of personal identity with organizational mission may serve a critical role in effectively addressing the challenge of citizen participation in civil society. In this track, I aim to better understand the role of identity in nonprofit and philanthropic organizations, including how philanthropic identities are aligned with other identities.

Recent projects:

Participatory philanthropy. Exploration of the motivations and the construction of multiple identities of participants in the charity sports events, depicting the blurring boundaries between donors and fundraisers in nonprofit organizations.

Volunteering by people with disability: we evaluate the role, impact, and identity construction of youth with disabilities who engage in volunteer work and service learning initiatives in Israel.


3) The role of volunteering and nonprofits in the welfare of immigrants and migrant workers. Various organizational mechanisms and services can facilitate improved social, cultural and economic integration of immigrants into their host societies. I study how volunteering, community-based organizations, and social enterprises facilitate the welfare and integration of immigrants into the social fabric of host societies.

Recent projects:

Immigrant volunteering in Germany: In light of the significant refugee and immigrant influx into Europe, we continue our exploration of immigrant volunteering, and study patterns and motivations of immigrant volunteering in Germany.

Voluntary associations of Filipino migrant workers in Israel: We survey community-based organizations of the Filipino migrant community in Israel to understand their provision of social and welfare services to its members, and the advocacy efforts to change policies related to their working conditions. We develop theoretical typology of migrant worker associations.



List of recent publications:

Articles in refereed journals (last 5 years)

McDougle, L. M., Greenspan, I., & Handy, F. (2011). Generation green:  Understanding the motivations and mechanisms influencing young adults’ environmental volunteering. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 16(4), 325-341.

Sinha, J., Greenspan, I., & Handy, F. (2011). Volunteering and civic participation among immigrant members of ethnic congregations: Complementary not competitive. Journal of Civil Society, 7(1), 23-40.

Greenspan, I., Sinha, J., & Handy, F. (2011). The road to volunteering is paved with good intentions: Is volunteering in congregations a response to altruism, social influence or instrumental benefits? International Journal of Volunteer Administration, 29(2), 1-17.

Greenspan, I., Handy, F., & Katz-Gerro, T. (2012). Environmental philanthropy: Is it similar to other types of environmental behavior? Organization & Environment, 25(2), 111-130.

Tal, A., Leon-Zchout, S., Greenspan, I., Oshri, L., & Akov, S. (2013). Israel’s environmental movement: Strategic challenges. Environmental Politics, 22(5), 779-791.

Greenspan, I. (2014). How can Bourdieu’s theory of capital benefit the understanding of advocacy NGOs? Theoretical framework and empirical illustration. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 43, 99-120.

Katz-Gerro, T., Greenspan, I., Handy, F., Lee, H.-Y., & Frey, A. (2015). Environmental philanthropy and environmental behavior in five countries:
Is there convergence among youth? Voluntas, 26(4), 1485-1509.

McDougle, L. M., Handy, F., Katz-Gerro, T., Greenspan, I., & Lee, H-Y. (2015). Factors predicting proclivity and intensity to volunteer for the environment in the US and South Korea. Journal of Environmental Planning & Management, 58(5), 837-854.

Greenspan I. (2015). From state orientation to civil society and partnership orientations: An outlook on development and change in the Israeli environmental movement. Bitahon Sotziali, 98, 157-193 (in Hebrew).

Walk, M., Greenspan, I., Crossley, H. & Handy, F. (2015). Skills-training programs in supported social enterprises: A social return on investment analysis. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 26(2), 129-144.

Walk, M., Greenspan, I., Crossley, H. & Handy, F. (2015). Mind the gap: Expectations versus experiences of clients utilizing job-training services in a social enterprise. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics86(2), 221-244.

Katz-Gerro, T., Greenspan, I., Handy, F. & Lee, H.-Y. (forthcoming). Personal value types and environmental behaviors in four countries: Biospheric, universalism, benevolence, and conformity revisited. Environmental Values.

Ramarajan, L., Berger, I. & Greenspan, I. (forthcoming). Multiple identity configurations: The benefits of focused enhancement for prosocial behavior. Organization Science


Work in Progress / under review

“Participatory philanthropy: A nonprofit-centered conceptual framework of charity sports events.” w/ Berger, I.

“Do social work students have the skills to perform their role as client intermediaries?” w/ Zanbar, L., Yitzhaky, H.

“The environmental movement on the move: Diversification and institutionalization processes in the Israeli environmental movement.”

“Partnership ambiguity: Conceptualizing cross-sector partnerships across borders.” w/ Halevy, D.

“Green social workers: Environmental concerns, attitudes, and behaviors of social work students in Israel.” w/ McDougle, L. & Handy, F.

“Client volunteering in organizations serving clients with psychiatric disabilities.” w/ Meinhard, A.


Chapters in Book Collections

Katz, H. & Greenspan, I. (2015). Giving in Israel: From old religious traditions to an emerging culture of philanthropy. In: P. Wiepking & F. Handy (eds.), The Palgrave handbook of global philanthropy (pp. 316-337). Palgrave Macmillan.

** book is winner of the 2016 Virginia A. Hodgkinson Research Book Prize by the Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action**

Walk, M., Greenspan, I. Crossley, H. & Handy, F. (2014) Canadian immigrants and their access to services: A case study of a social purpose enterprise. In: J. Quarter, S. Ryan & A. Chan (eds.). Social purpose enterprises: Case studies for social change (pp. 162-187). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Meinhard, A.G., Handy, F., & Greenspan, I. (2010). Corporate participation in the social economy: Employer-supported volunteering programs. In J. Quarter, L. Mook, & S. Ryan (Eds.), Researching the social economy: A Canadian perspective (pp. 245-266). Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Greenspan, I. (2005). Palestinian and Israeli environmental narratives: Reflections on the 2002 Johannesburg Earth Summit. In S. Schoenfeld (Ed.), Palestinian and Israeli environmental narratives (pp. 75-92). Proceedings of a conference held in association with the Middle East Environmental Futures (MEEF) Project. Toronto, ON: York University, Centre for International and Security Studies.


Other Manuscripts

Cohen-Blankshtain, G., Greenspan, I., Naali-Yosef, H. & Geva, Y. (2015). Public participation in environmental decision-making: International perspectives. Tel Aviv: The Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (SPNI) (Hebrew)

מעורבות הציבור בקידום נושאים סביבתיים: סקירה ותובנות מפרספקטיבה בינלאומית. קישור

Greenspan, I. (2014). Environmental philanthropy: The relationship between philanthropic foundations and environmental NGOs in Israel. Jerusalem: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Center for the Study of Philanthropy in Israel [in Heb.]

פילנתרופיה סביבתית: יחסי הגומלין בין קרנות פילנתרופיות לארגוני הסביבה בישראל. קישור

Tal. A., Leon-Zchout, S., Frankel-Oshri, L., Greenspan, I., & Akov, S. (2011). Israel’s environmental movement: Trends, needs, and potential. Submitted to the JMG Foundation. Ben Gurion University. Beer Sheva, Israel (Heb. & Eng).

התנועה הסביבתית בישראל: מגמות, צרכים ופוטנציאל. קישור

Greenspan, I. (2005). Review of the book The Israeli third sector: Between welfare state and civil society, by B. Gidron, M. Bar, & H. Katz. Voluntas, 16(3), 312-314.


Ph.D. Dissertation: Israeli Environmental NGOs and Philanthropic Foundations: Donor Dependence, Organizational Characteristics, and Selection Mechanism. (University of Pennsylvania.)



"החרדים יודעים לעשות מחאה" הארץ. 4.3.2014.

Editor (with Prof. Stuart Schoenfeld) of the news blog: Environment and Climate in the Middle East


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Prof. Hillel Schmid

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Academic Profile: 

 Ph.D. 1985, Hebrew University; Lect. 1986; Sen. Lect. 1990; Associate Prof. 1995; Prof. 2005.

Dean, School of Social Work and Social Welfare, 2003-2006.

Director, The center for the studies of philanthropy in Israel, 2006-2014.

Centreid - L. Jacque Menard Chair in Social Work for the study of Volunteer and Nonprofit Organizations.

Member, The executive committee of the Hebrew University. 2007-2010.

Member, Board of Directors, Association for Research on Non-profit Organizations and Voluntary Action - ARNOVA. (USA)- 2010-2014.

Member, Editorial Board, "Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly".

Member, Editorial Board, "Human Service Organizations: Management Leadership and Governance".

Member, Editorial Board, "Society and Welfare" (Hevra V'revacha)- 2003-2014.

Director, The Haruv Institute, founded by the Schusterman Foundation, 2008-2012.

Member, Advisory Board of the journal Nonprofit Management and Leadership.


Research Interests:

Strategic management and processes of adaptation of nonprofit human service organizations to changing environments, organizational behavior, executive behavior, organization- environment relationship, the growth of the private sector delivering social services. The relationships between structural properties and service effectiveness in voluntary-nonprofit organizations, the role of nonprofit organizations in the providing of social services, political roles of nonprofit human services, leadership and change in nonprofit human service organizations, philanthropy and philanthropists in Israel and in the Jewish world, the impact of philanthropists on the organizational and structural behavior of nonprofits organizations. 

Intersectoral partnerships between nonprofits, the government and the business sector.

Intergenerational philanthropy.


Research Projects:

 Relationships between Government and for-profit and nonprofit organizations delivering human and social services.

Relationships between nonprofit organizations providing personal and social services and the for- profit sector.

The political activity of nonprofit organizations delivering human and social services.

Leadership styles and leadership change in voluntary nonprofit organizations.

New patterns of philanthropy in Israel.

The impact of the Israeli philanthropy on the Israeli nonprofit organizations.  

Elite Philanthropy in Israel.

The impact of funding sources on the ideology, goals and the functioning of nonprofit human service organizations. 

Deinstitutionalization of services to children at risk.

Child abuse and neglect.

Lessons from the privatization of social services - implications to policy.

Advocacy roles of nonprofit human service organizations.

Advocacy Organizations, mission, goals, strategies and administrative procedures.

 Giving in Israel – scope and mechanisms of contributions.

Intersectoral partnerships and collaboration –nonprofits,the government and the business sector.

The influence of funding sources on the strategic and structural behavior of nonprofit human service organizations.

Intergenerational leadership.

Recent Publications:


Borowski,A. & Schmid,H. (2000). Israel's long-term care insurance law after a decade of implementation. Journal of Aging and Social Policy,12(1), 49-71.

Schmid,H. & Borowski,A. (2000). Selected issues in the delivery of home care services to the elderly after a decade of implementing Israel's long-term care insurance law. Social Security, 57, 59-81 (Hebrew). Also published in Social Security (special English edition) (2004), 87-114.

Schmid, H. (2001). Evaluating the impact of legal change on nonprofit and for-profit organizations: The case of the Israeli long-term care insurance law. Public Management Review 3(2), 167-189. Also published in Hebrew, Social Security (2001), 60, 90-112. 

Schmid,H. & Bar-Nir, D. (2001). The relationship between organizational properties and service effectiveness in residential boarding schools. Children and Youth Services Review 23(3), 243-271.  

Schmid,H. (2001). The welfare services market. Meser La'inyan, 5, 8-11 (Hebrew).

Schmid,H. (2001). Nonprofit organizations and for-profit organizations providing home care services to the Israeli frail elderly: A comparative analysis. International Journal of Public Administration, 24(11), 1223-1265.

Schmid,H. (2002).The relationship between organizational properties and service effectiveness in three types of nonprofit human services. Public Personnel Management, 31(3), 377-395.

Schmid,H. (2003). Rethinking the policy of contracting out social services to nongovernmental organizations: Lessons and dilemmas. Public Management Review, 5(3), 307-323. 

Schmid,H., Bargal, D.& Hochstadt, M. (2003). Organizational, structural and administrative dimensions of voluntary nonprofit organizations delivering services to the elderly. Meser La'inyan, 13, 10-13. 

Schmid,H. & Nirel, R. (2004). Ownership and age in nonprofit and for-profit home care organizations: What makes the difference? Administration in Social Work, 28(3/4), 183-200.

Schmid,H. (2004) Organization-environment relationships: Theory for management practice in human service organizations. Administration in Social Work, 28(1), 97-113.

Schmid,H. (2004). The role of nonprofit human service organizations in providing social services: A prefatory essay.Administration in Social Work, 28(3/4), 1-21.

Schmid, H. (2004). The Israeli long-term care insurance law: selected issues in providing home care services to the frail elderly. Health and Social Care in the Community, 13 (3), 191-200.

Schmid, H., & Salman, H. (2005). Citizens perception of the neighborhood council in East Jerusalem, Journal of Community Practice, 13 (2), 61-75.    

Korazim Y., Leibovitz, S., &  Schmid, H. (2005). The Privatization of foster care services: Lesson learned after four years of implementation. Social Security,  70 (December), 56-57.

Bar, M., & Schmid, H. (2005). A prefatory essay, Social Security, 70 (December), 5-12.

Shemer O., & Schmid, H. (2006). Toward a redefinition of community partnership: A Three-dimensional approach.Hevra Verevaha. 26(3), 327-354.

Schmid, H., (2006) Leadership styles and leadership change in human and community service organizations. In R.A.Cnaan & C. Milofsky (Eds.), Values, Passion and Trust in Nonprofit Organizations, 395-409.

Schmid, H., (2006) Leadership styles and leadership change in human and community service organizations.Nonprofit menagement & Leadership. Vol. 27(2), 179-194.

Shemer, O. & Schmid, H. (2007). Toward a new definiton of partnership: A three dimensional approach. Journal of Rural cooperation, 35 (2), 123-139.

Schmid, H. (2007). Childern and youth at risk in Israel: Findings and reconnemdations to improve their well being.Children and Youth Services Review, 29(8), 1114-1128.

Schmid, H. & Hasenfeld, Y. (2008). Contracting out social services. Encyclopedia of Social Work.

Schmid, H., Bar, M., & Nirel, R. (2008). Advocacy roles of nonprofit human service organizations: Implications for policy. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. 37(4), 581-602.

Schmid, H. & Blit-Cohen, E. (2009). University and social involement at the neighbourhood level: implications for social work education. Journal of Teaching in Social Work. 29, 1-20.

Schmid, H. (2009). Agency-environment relations: Understanding external and natural environments. In R. Patti (Ed.) The Handbook of Human Services Management, 411-433.

Schmid, H. (2009). Changes in the political economic and social environment and their impact on the organizational identity of the community center. In: Lavi, Z. (ed), To belong. Jerusalem: The Israeli Association of Community Centers, 32-68.  

Schmid, H. (2009). The contingencies of nonprofit leadership. In J.Kane, H.Patapon and P.T. Hart (Eds.), Dispersed Leadership in Democracies. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 193-210.

Schmid, H. (2010). Organizational change in human service organizations: Theories, boundaries, strategies and implementation. In Y. Hasenfeld (Ed.) Human services as complex organizations. (2nd. Edition), 455-479.

Schmid, H. (2010). Leadership styles and leadership change in human and community organizations. In Y. Hasenfeld (Ed.). Human services organizations as complex organizations. (2nd edition), 193-206.

Schmid, H., Dolev, T. & Szabo-Lael, R. (2010). Community based programs for children at risk: the case of budget flexibility in departments of social services in Israel. Children and Youth Services Review, 32, 178-184.

Schmid, H. (2010). The implications of the privatization on the social and civic missions of nonprofit organization that provide social services. Parliament, 64.

Blit-Cohen, E. & Schmid, H. (2010). University and social involvement in a Jerusalem neighborhood: Learning for the experience. Society and Welfare, 30(1): 131-151.

Schmid, H. & Rudich-Cohen, A. (2010). Philanthropy in Israel. Social Security, 83, 5-18.

Schmid, H. & Rudich- Cohen, A. (2010). Elite Philanthropy in Israel: characteristics, motives and Patterns of contribution. Social Security, 83, 225-262. 

Schmid, H. and Benbenishty, R. (2011).Public attitudes towards child maltreatment in Israel. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 1181-1188.

Benbenishty, R. & Schmid, H. (2013). Public attitudes toward the identification and reporting of alleged maltreatment cases among social groups in Israel. Children and Youth Services Review, 35, 332-339.

Schmid, H. & Rudich-Cohen, A. (2012). Elite philanthropy in Israel: Characteristics, motives and patterns of contribution. Society, 49 (2), 175-181.

Schmid, H. (2012). Nonprofit organizations: Between identity blurring and adaption to changing environments. Administration in Social Work.Online:30 May 2012,DOI:10.1080/03643107.2012.676611.

Almog-Bar, M. & Schmid, H. (2014). Advocacy activities in nonprofit human service organizations: A critical review. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 43, 11-35.

Schmid, H. & Sharon, N. (2012). Social entrepreneurship in nonprofit organizations and its impact on their vision and values, organizational culture, and administrative processes. Social Security, 88, 31-63.

Schmid, H. & Almog-Bar, M. (2013). Intersectoral Collaborations: Thesis and research findings. Jerusalem: The Center for the Study of Philanthropy in Israel, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Feldman, G., Strier, R. & Schmid, H. (2015). The performance of advocacy organizations: The redistribution of symbolic capital. British Journal of Social Work, 1-17.

Schmid, H. & Almog-Bar, M. (2016). Correlates of cross-sector partnerships in the human services: Implications for policy and practice. Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership, Governance. (Forthcoming).

Schmid, H., & Shaul Bar-Nissim, H. (2016). The Changing relation between the government and philanthropy in Israel: Implications for policy. Society. (Forthcoming).

Schmid, H., & Shaul Bar-Nissim, H. (2016). Can two walk together except they be agreed? The relationship between the government and philanthropy in Israel- Current situation and thought for the future. Social Society. (Forthcoming).

Schmid, H., & Shaul Bar-Nissim, H. (2016). The globalization of philanthropy: Trends and Channels of giving. In: Harrow,J.,Jung, T., & S. Phillips (Eds.),The Routledge Copanion to Philanthropy.

Hillel Schmid's site at the Research and Development Authority

דין וחשבון הוועדה הציבורית לבדיקת מצבם של ילדים ובני נוער בסיכון ומצוקה. מוגש לראש ממשלת ישראל ולשר הרווחה, שבט תשס"ו, מרס 2006



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